8. Why would God desire to create embodied moral agents, as opposed to unembodied minds (such as souls, spirits, or ghosts)? Why is the human mind dependent on the physical brain
I gave a response to this one before the post was edited at: http://mmcelhaney.blogspot.com/2012/06/secular-outpost-20-questions-for.html
9. Did Australopithecus have a soul? What about homo habilis? Homo erectus? Neanderthals? Why or why not? (HT: Keith Parsons)
I'm not sure if we can really conclusively prove that Australopithecus, homo habilis, Homo erectus, or Neanderthals were fundamentally different from us or represent the varying stages in human evolution. It is am interesting fairytale that I just don't think that there is enough evidence to accept as fact. Therefore being asked about whether or not they had souls is not appropriate. Many people who raise this question don't think modern people have souls either, so it's just sad attempt to make people doubt their own soul's existence based on not being able to answer the same question about "ancestors" that we don't really have much information about. For the sake of argument let's say that these earlier hominids did exist, how would you go about testing their cognitive functions? How would you talk to them about their hopes and dreams? On this subject, if you accept evolution, agnosticism is the only honest position. Concluding that they had souls and that they did not have souls would be a move of blind faith - believing something that you have no evidence for.
10. How do souls interact with physical matter? Do you have any answer that is not tantamount to "I don't know?" (HT: Keith Parsons)
Souls interact with physical matter in their bodies that God gave us. Easy peasy.
The Secular Outpost: 20+ Questions for Theists