3. Why is so much of our universe intelligible without any appeal to supernatural agency?
The reason why so much of our universe is intelligible is because it has been designed to be that way. I would argue that much of the universe is not easily discernible. The more we understand the more questions we have. I'd argue the fact that assumption that the universe is intelligible automatically assumes a purpose and a design. IF there wasn't there wouldn't be any reason to study the universe to try to make sense of it.
18 The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, 19 since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them. 20 For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.
21 For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22 Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools 23 and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles. - Romans 1:18-23
I'm re-doing numbers one and two because the original blog post was updated. Not much of an improvement but we'll discuss them anyway.
- The question "Why is there something rather than nothing" presupposes "nothing" as being the normal state of affairs. Why believe that? Why can't we flip the question on its head? In other words, why can't it be the case that the normal state of affairs is for things to actually exist and nothingness itself would be weird? (HT: Thy Kingdom Come (Undone))
Non-question. It still doesn't answer the question as to where the universe came from and why? Inverting the question doesn't help in the slightest. What we know is that all the evidence points to the universe having a finite beginning. The other issue is that we know left to itself nothing brings about its own existence.
2. Given that the universe has a finite age, why did the universe begin with time rather than in time?
As near as anyone can tell in Physics, talking about time as separate from the universe is not only silly but just wrong. When the universe came into existence (ie created) - matter, time, and energy, all that there is (as far as we can tell) came into existence all at once.
The Secular Outpost: 20+ Questions for Theists